Scacchetti, A., and Becker, P.B.
Curr Opin Cell Biol, 2020, 70, 1-9.
Variation on a theme: Evolutionary strategies for H2A.Z exchange by SWR1-type remodelers
Histone variants are a universal means to alter the biochemical properties of nucleosomes, implementing local changes in chromatin structure. H2A.Z, one of the most conserved histone variants, is incorporated into chromatin by SWR1-type nucleosome remodelers. Here, we summarize recent advances toward understanding the transcription-regulatory roles of H2A.Z and of the remodeling enzymes that govern its dynamic chromatin incorporation. Tight transcriptional control guaranteed by H2A.Z nucleosomes depends on the context provided by other histone variants or chromatin modifications, such as histone acetylation. The functional cooperation of SWR1-type remodelers with NuA4 histone acetyltransferase complexes, a recurring theme during evolution, is structurally implemented by species-specific strategies.